Restorative Justice Framework

Restorative Practice for Dharma Practitioners: A Living Framework

Developed by Restorative Practices for Dharma Practitioners Sangha at East Bay Meditation Center




Criminal (in)Justice Retributive Practices


Restorative Justice/ Transformative Justice Circle Practices

Mindfulness/Dharma Practice

(Restorative Practice for Dharma Practitioners)


Main players


Victim Perpetrator


One who was harmed One that harmed


Harm itself Harm is arising.


Who holds power


Judge, Jury, Prosecutor




Buddha, Dharma, Sangha


Role of the   people involved


Perpetrator is central.

Victims are peripheral


Harmed person is central.

Community includes those harmed and the person who harmed. Community takes care of one another


Be present with the harm. Recognize causes and conditions.

Cultivate interdependent relationships with all involved. Offer healing for the whole.






Invites self-empowerment and community agency.


Seeks to prevent additional suffering. Practices Four Noble Truths, Brahma Viharas, Precepts.




Focus on the past


Focus on the future


Focus on the present




Perpetrator is punished for their actions.


In effort to restore balance and harmony, person who harmed takes action to repair harm to the person(s) harmed and/or the community as a whole.


The Sangha recognizes and takes action towards collective healing knowing that we have all harmed and have been harmed. The Sangha practices mindfulness with the harm as it arises.

If you’ve come to help me, you are wasting my time.

If you’ve come because your liberation is bound with mine, let us work together.

-Lilla Watson

Please Note: The last two columns (Restorative Justice and Mindfulness Practice) are not exclusive.  Instead, they are interdependent and inform each other.

Also please note that Restorative Justice Process may not work around issues of sexual abuse.

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